Cherkashyna T. Y. Correlation of factuality and fiction in genres of the autobiographical writing
Keywords:autobiography, autobiographical novel, autofictional novel, factuality, fiction.
The article is devoted to the theoretical study of the autobiography, autobiographical novel and autofictional
novel as genres of the autobiographical writing. The author of the article establishes that autobiographical
writing, as a component of the literary documentary works, is directed to the integration of factuality and fiction at
all text levels. But different autobiographical genres have different degree of their correlation. A typical classic
reference autobiography directs its attention to the criterion of the factuality. Truthfulness and realness are the
basic characteristics of this genre, they are present at all its poetical levels. In the genre of autobiographical novel
factual basis takes the shape of the literary work and has fictional traits. In the genre of an autofictional novel,
there is an opposite tendency. Factuality becomes component of the fictional literary story.