Kulishenko L., Yaremenko L. Associative Field of Concept of “Happiness” (on the Basis of Ukrainian Phraseology Units)

Authors

  • L. A. Kulishenko Sumy State University
  • L. M. Yaremenko Sumy State University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21272/Ftrk.2019.11(1)-6

Keywords:

associative field, paroemìas, happiness, folk consciousness

Abstract

The article examines the concept of «happiness» in the Ukrainian phraseology. Happiness is the most universal category in the hierarchy of values, one of the main valued priorities of human life. Concept «happiness» is multidimensionalHappiness is determined by both natural and public factors, both biological and social, both family and especially individua. Happiness is subjective, individual on a form experiencing, but objective on maintenance.

A word «happiness» has the same root, that word  «part»«Happiness»  is a kind fate (part) that fell out to the man. The basis is taken paroemìas Ukrainian language because they best reproduce mentality, outlook and essence of the Ukrainian people. In texts of paremiae ideas about «happiness» are personalized and  envisaged  as  an universal model «happiness-man».

Found that in people's minds the concept of «happiness» is often revealed by using the lexical paradigms of «happiness-unhappiness». The factors of «happiness»  as positive side of vital  functions of man always have the  opposition – factors of barrier: in ahealth - illnesses, in youth is old age, at welfare are poverties, in freedoms – dependence and others like that. In phraseology units a word «fate» strengthens the value of noun of «happiness» as though,  comes forward  as  an  original  synonym to him , however  a  difference  is between these concepts, and that is why «happiness» – the positive aspect of «fate» only.

In folk consciousness a concept of «happiness» is a multicomponent and multidimensional concept that consists of such elements: physical, moral, material and spiritual, irrational and rational. As a result, the study revealed an associative field, the concept of «happiness», which consists of the following concepts: fortune  (luck), health, labor,  mind,  money  (but  not  wealth),  conscience, hope, harmony.

Published

2020-03-02

How to Cite

Л. А. Кулішенко, & Л. М. Яременко. (2020). Kulishenko L., Yaremenko L. Associative Field of Concept of “Happiness” (on the Basis of Ukrainian Phraseology Units). Philological Treatises, 11(1), 49–56. https://doi.org/10.21272/Ftrk.2019.11(1)-6