Shchyhlo L., Abdullaieva A., Antipova A. Semantico-stylistic Pecularities of Colors in Phraseological System of the German Language
Keywords:Key words: phraseological unit, color naming, phraseological composition of the German language, semantic and stylistic pecularities.
The proposed study deals with color namings as a special semantico-stylistic layer of vocabulary, pecularities of their usage, explicit and implicit meanings, and their role in phraseological units. The relevance of the topic is determined by the fact that the color namings that are part of the phraseological system of the German language, often convey not a direct feature of the object, but only give an indication of the similarity with another phenomenon or object. Thus, non-vocabulary meanings of color namings are actualized in the composition of stable expressions, which allows a wider representation of the common linguistic view of the world. In addition, color namings that are components of German idioms, presetnly, are not sufficiently investigated, therefore, the direction of the work is promising.
Phraseological units accompany human life from birth to death. They give a description of the world, human activities, and the person himself. At the same time, each object of our reality is characterized by a certain color, even if it is barely noticeable and indistinct. A person perceives color not only as an objective characteristic, but also as a moral and aesthetic category. This category expresses attitude, assessment, norm. Phraseological units that have color namings in their composition are accompanied by evaluative connotations and are correlated with a holistic world view of a particular national culture.
Having obtained deep symbolic semantics in the process of the development of the German language, the colors reflect the linguistic view of the world through the prism of which native speakers perceive reality. The analysis of the material of the German language showed that the colors schwarz, weiß, rot, grün, grau, gelb, blau are the main color namings in the German language. Almost all the analyzed colors are characterized by binary meanings, which are widely represented in the linguistic view of the world of the German people by phraseological units with positive and negative connotations. The spheres of application of phraseological units with a component of color are found out: political, historical, economic, religious, spiritual, household. Color lexemes can be classified into basic (achromatic, non-achromatic) and non-basic (derived from basic colors).