Kovkina E. The Analysis of Generic-Species Links of Terms in the Terminological System of Forensic Examination
Keywords:Key words: term, terminology system, vocabulary of forensic examination, hyponon, hyperonim, hyponymic paradigm.
The article is devoted to the analysis of generic-species links of terms in the terminological system of forensic examination. With the help of this study, the internal system structure of the terminology system is analyzed, the role and place of each term within the conceptual sphere are determined. The special vocabulary of forensic examination has a rather diverse composition and an unusual character of its expression, which requires careful processing of its systemic connections. To date, the terminological system of forensic expertise belongs to the less-researched branches of knowledge. Through the conducted research it was established that each of the basic terms of the terminology system of forensic examination acts as a hyperonym for a hypnotic chain of concepts. This is explained by the fact that the definition of the smallest object puts the essence of forensic research, that is, through the analysis of generic attributes on the basis of special knowledge, the affiliation of a particular object to a certain type is established, that is, there is identification of the object. In the terminology of the forensic examination, the sequential and parallel type of generic and species communication of terminological chains is equally active, which gives it a distinct subordination. Each subsequent term has a narrower meaning than the previous one, which is conditioned by the specifics of the concept base of the forensic industry in general. The hypothetical paradigm of the terms of forensic examination reflects the conceptual sphere of forensic examination. It has been established that the terms-hypnomes in the terminology system of forensic examination are capable of acting as hyperonomisms, becoming paramedic generic concepts. On the basis of the conducted research it is determined that in the terminology system of forensic examination the generic-gender relations fulfill the basic content function, based on the whole hierarchical organization of the studied terminology.