Tatsenko N. Lexical aspect of empathy actualization in modern English
Keywords:empathy, empathizer, empathize, empathive, expressiveness, evaluativeness.
In the English language empathy is primarily represented by the vocabulary, the subject-logic value of which
represents its concept, and is incorporated in the semantic nucleus of the word. Another constituent of
nominations-representatives of empathy is empathic-expressive vocabulary with the intensity component. It
consists of different levels of the language system: phonetic (unusual sound changes, type of pronunciation,
prosodic means), morphemic (diminutive affectionate affixes, morphemic repetitions), lexical (modal verbs,
particles, interjections), grammar (transposition of grammatical categories), and syntactic (inversion, ellipsis,
parcelling, attachments, repetition, gradation, variation in the actual division). The third nominative constituent of
empathy is empathic-evaluative vocabulary, which consists of positive-evaluative and negative-evaluative
adjectives, adverbs, nouns, verbs, and particles. This vocabulary layer also includes lexemes acquiring positive or
negative evaluativeness under the influence of context, or actualizing the semes of exclusivity, innovation,
quickness, simplicity, and ease.