Boklakh D. Yu. City topos in the poem «In Wilno, the glorious city» by T. G. Shevchenko: synchronization of historical events and tragic circumstances of life in spatial continuum of the city
Keywords:topos, locus, spatial image, synchronization, historically changeable time, life drama
The city topos is an important spatial dominant of the city image of Taras Shevchenko’s works.
The city topos of the poem «In Wilno, the glorious city» is a spatial constuct in the time of the city
attributes, along with feelings and impressions of the narrator about the events occurring in the
specified locuses. The topos of Wilno city includes space coordinates of synchronization of the
historic flowing course of existence with the life drama of love of a young man to a girl of another
faith. The poetic topos of the city is not described in detail, only certain space forming elements are
presented: the University, the city gate, boulevard, house, window, Wilia river, Zakret area, which
become the locuses and the expressers of the described events. However, these elements are sufficient
to outline the city poetic topos of Wilno and characterize the life drama of the characters. The poetic
topos of the city simultaneously becomes a historical background displaying the time of closing down
Wilno University by the Russian czarist regime in 1832, depicts the existential collision of the
unhappy characters’ love.