Shumenko O. A., Inshina N., Kashenko P., Kostriukova V. Functional and semantic features of the english composed adjectives (based of the english fiction discourse).
Keywords:semantic charge, nuclear basis, composed adjectives, model of formation.
This article is devoted for comprehensive research of semantic features of composed adjectives on materials of artistic English language discourse. The topicality of this text is based of modern linguistic tendency to in-depth study functional parameters of composed adjectives like an important elements of language picture of the world. The main goal of this article is researching of semantic behavior of composed adjectives depending on their components. On the basis of studying the structuring of complex adjectives, lexical-semantic groups are distinguished the sum of the values of the two components affects their significance. For reaching our goal we had detailing analyzed texts from English literature which became a source of information about functional and semantic properties of adjectives. Major categories of composed adjectives are highlighted: Noun + Adjective, Adjective +Adjective, Numeral + Past Participle and Adjective + Past Participle/ Adjective + Present Participle. The main content of the study is analysis of the last group of composed adjectives which consist of two groups: Adjective + Past Participle and Adjective + Present Participle. This type is characterized the adjective most fully, where second component, a participle is core of the word meaning which determine semantic of composed adjective. Another types of composed adjectives give a possibility to understand that they do not change their structure when translating and reveal the center of meaning in adjectives of this structure is impossible, because these basis are equal and have predicative connection.