MULTIPLE NEGATION IN CORPUS AND DISCOURSE
Keywords:multiple negation, negative intensification, functional equality, pragmatic motivation, discourse development.
AbstractThe relevance of the chosen topic is substantiated, research tasks and methods are formulated, literary sources of analysis are indicated, and the compositional structure of the article is outlined. A brief overview of the theoretical material and a working definition of the linguistic category of negation are presented, the main terms are defined, and the main approaches to the interpretation of the category of negation are defined in domestic and foreign sources. The objection is considered in the views of scientists of various fields of linguistics. Attention is drawn to the historical issues of language development, namely: the use of multiple negation and its separate subtypes in different periods of the English language. The specifics and pragma-functional features of the speech of British youth are determined. Emphasis is placed on the psychological and linguistic (discourse) development of adolescents. Part of the article is devoted to the level analysis of systemic means of negation in terms of their functioning in the text. The pragmatic character of units-components of negative intensification is described. Along with the main laws, narrower points are also involved: presented, analyzed and divided into classes and semantic subcategories and idioms with negative polarity in modern English. The focus of the article is the context as an independent object of observation, which proves the undeniable pragmatic motivation of negation in modern English writing and speech. The results of the research are summarized, the main characteristics of which are the establishment of functional equality of all means of negation at each language level, in the text and in speech; and also - in revealing their unlimited possibilities for the transfer of negative information of the most varied volume.
Adel A., Reppen R. Corpora and Discourse. The Challenges of Different Settings. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benja¬mins Publishing Company. 2008. 305 p.
Approaches to Cognition through Text and Discourse / Ed. by
T. Virtanen. Berlin/New York: De Gruyter Mouton. 2004. 225 p.
Black E. Pragmatic Stylistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. 2006. 177 p.
Bradford R. Stylistics. The New Critical Idiom. New York and London: Routledge. 1997. 222 p
Givón T. On understanding grammar. New York : Academic Press. 1979. Ch.3. Р.91-142.
Givón T. English grammar. Amsterdam and Philadelphia, John Benjamins. 1993. 363 p.
Horn L. R. Some aspects of negation. Universals of human language / eds. Joseph H. Greenberg, et. al. Stanford, California : Stanford University Press, 1978. Vol. IV. Р.127-210.
Kecske´s, Istva´n. Explorations in pragmatics : linguistic, cognitive, and intercultural aspects. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co., 2007. 354 p.
Labrum R. Conditions on double negation in the history of English with comparison to similar developments in German. Stanford : Stanford University, 1982. 234 р.
Lakoff R. Some reasons why there can’t be any some-any rule. Language. 1969. № 45. Р. 608-615.
Tottie G. Fuzzy negation in English and Swedish. Stockholm Studies in English. 1977. № 39. P. 23 – 46.
Tottie G. Affixal and non-affixal negation in English – two systems in (almost) complementary distribution. Studia linguistica 1980. № 34. Р.101-123.
Tottie G. Where do negative sentences come from? Studia linguistica. 1982. № 36. Р.88-105.
Tottie G. Much about not and nothing: a study of the variation between analytic and synthetic negation in contemporary American English. Publications of the Royal society of letters at Lund, 1983-1984. Lund : Gleerup. 1983. 56 р.
Tottie G. The negation of epistemic necessity in present-day British and American English. English world-wide. 1985. № 6/1. Р.87-116.
Tottie G. Negation in English speech and writing. San Diego ; London : Academic Press, 1991. 170 р.