Smerechynska, O. V. The Role of Temporal Conjuctions in Expressing a Phase Meaning of the Beginning of an Action in the Ukrainian and German Languages

  • The main goal of the article is to define the temporal conjuctions that can point to the beginning of an action and to compare their influence on semantics of the whole sentence in Ukrainian and German languages. The research is carried out on the basis of the analysis of literature works in these two languages. The results of the investigation show that there are two groups of conjuctions to be distinguished: 1) conjuctions that may actualize the meaning of beginning of an action in the main clause and 2) conjuctions that may actualize the semanticts of beginning of an action in the subordinate clause. A small quantity of examples that were found shows that temporal conjuctions are situated on the periphery of the functional-semantical microfields of beginning of an action in Ukrainian and German. But while subordinate clauses of time in Ukrainian don’t change verbal meaning and just localize the action on the time axis and have the ability to strengthen the meaining of beginning that is expressed by a verb or verbal construction, the non-bounded verbs of the classes of actions and states in German may describe the bounded situation pointing to the beginning of a long or momentary action with the help of the temporal conjuctions and the wider contex.
  • функціонально-семантичне поле, акціональна семантика, рід дієслівної дії, початковість дії, функционально-семантическое поле, акциональная семантика, пособ глагольного действия, начинательность действия, functional-semantical field, actional meaning, Aktionsart, beginning of an action
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