Bondarenko, O. E. Nominative One Member Sentences in the Language of the Printed Mass Media: Functional, Communicative, and Semantic Aspects

  • The points of view of scientists on the correlation between the logical-syntactic types of semantics, the ways of expressing the predicativity and communicative nature of nominative sentences are systematized in this article. It is proved that nominative sentences with semantics of objective reality, which main part is expressed by a noun, substantiated words, or quantified word combinations, have formally-grammatical and structural-semantic features of a one member sentence and, according to the logical-psychological structure of the expression, are two-membered, where the subject and the predicate are syncretically represented by one main member; the presence of determinant extended members, which explains the existential significance of the main member, does not change the general communicative sentence scheme but determines the specificity of its topic-rhetorical division. Communicative-pragmatic functions of nominative sentences in the texts of the printed mass media are conditioned by the specifics of the contextual realization of the semantics of objective reality, expressive evaluation modality, predicativity and by the communicative intentions of the speaker.
  • nominative sentence, sentence of objective reality, objective reality, nominative features, predicativity, communicative pragmatics.
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