Bilousenko P. I., Boyko, L. P. Word Forming Types of Pluralia Tantum Nouns in the Old Russian-Ukrainian Language of XI-XIII Centuries

  • The paper reveals the origin of nouns pluralia tantum as a result of lexicalization of grammatical
    forms of plural noun, that was reflected in the shift of lexical meaning, where if used in plural, a noun
    denotes grammatical plurality of uniform items and parallel a single object that has a slightly
    different semantics or set of similar items, and because of that, pluratives that lost consequentially
    their singularity were formed. Amongst these substantives, there are many those that had word
    forming structure, and word building suffix began to be perceived as the means of creating pluratives.
    These processes appeared in the Old Slavic Language and continued in the Old Russian-Ukrainian
    language. Discovered in the memos of XI-XIII centuries, pluralia tantum nouns were created mainly
    by the singular inherited by models using different formants, bypassing processes of lexicalization of
    grammatical plural forms.
    The paper describes lexical and word building nouns with different types of formants. With
    suffixes -ане (-‟ане)/-аны/(-‟аны) in the old written memos the majority are the names of the persons
    based on the common and personal names of habitat (пол“не, древл“не, бужане, галичаны). After
    the acceptance of Christianity, a large number of branches of the faith, heresy, which contributed to
    the emergence of many titles that were created from nouns with this suffix (авди“не, адамане,
    донаит“не, монти“не). Along with them such suffixes as -ити (ангелити, николаите, оригоните),
    -ци (ангеловци, братници, кононовци), -ины (попузины), took place in word forming, that yield
    performance of suffix -ане (-‟ане)/-аны/(-‟аны). Pluralia tantum nouns with other meaning were
    formed with suffixes -ане (-‟ане)/-аны/(-‟аны), -ци, ины (titles of supporters of philosophical
    doctrines (пифагоряне, платоняне, пллатонци), titles of holidays and ceremonies (девятины,
    именины), tools (ножьницh, носилиці), etc. Specific meaning were pluratives with suffix –ощи, four
    forms of ablative with the meaning of reason.
  • pluralia tantum nouns, deverbative, desubstantive, deadjective, names of nouns,
    lexical and word-formative type.
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